"The creative industries are an undoubted strength of our economy... And with creative industries’ export value nearly double their share of the economy, they are a key component of what makes us a great, global trading nation, respected around the world and confident at home."
The Government's Creative Industries Sector Deal
Britain’s creative industries generate £92bn a year for the UK economy, and the creative economy employs one in every 11 working people. We are delighted that Government has identified the creative industries as one of five "world-leading sectors" as part of its Industrial Strategy.
But more must be done to support creators and sustain an environment where innovation and creativity can flourish.
The UK publishing industry
UK published material, from the latest fiction bestseller to our world renowned scientific journals or textbooks for the classroom, is sought after globally. British books are exported to every international market, with particular growth in recent years in Latin America, the Middle East and North Africa, and East and South Asia.
- The UK publishing industry had a turnover of £5.1 billion in 2016.
- Export sales of books and journals were £2.9 billion, 57% of overall turnover.
- The British publishing industry contributed £3.2bn gross value added (GVA) to the wider UK economy in 2016
- The UK is the largest exporter of physical books in the world, with a 17% share of world exports
UK publishing sets a benchmark for quality. At a time when the Government is looking to grow overseas markets, it could do a lot worse than look to the success of the publishing industry as a model. But the UK Government needs to maintain a policy envrionment in which the industry can maintain its top position, and this involves supporting creators as well as publishers.
What are we asking for?
Support for self-employed workers
Authors tend to be self-employed, therefore forming part of a growing section of the workforce. The level of self-employment in the UK increased from 3.8 million in 2008 to 4.8 million in 2017 and now accounts for around 15.1% of the workforce. Part time self-employment grew by 88% between 2001 and 2015, compared to 25% for full-time self-employment.
The SoA is calling for a number of changes to support self-employed workers:
- Current tax and benefit rules do not cater well for people who have portfolio careers, perhaps with various jobs to sustain a creative career. See our Tax and Benefits page.
- Self-employed authors can suffer from a lack of access to resources and training, as well as lacking bargaining power with the publishing and bookselling industry, leading to inequalities in the value chain. See our CREATOR campaign
- We continue to raise concerns with the bookselling and publishing industry where appropriate.
Brexit: Need for economic certainty and stability
Authors and the UK publishing industry are vitally important to the UK, both in terms of revenues and cultural significance. While UK books are exported to every region in the world, Europe remains a a particularly strong market, representing 30% of total export revenues.
There is a danger that the economic and political uncertainty caused by the Brexit process could have a detrimental impact on investment in the UK. We are concerned about the impact Brexit could have on our excellent trading relationship with the EU. It is unlikely that exports to USA could ever replace our vital EU markets.
We are confident that British creativity and culture will remain in demand. However economic uncertainty is damaging to investment in new projects and distribution opportunities for rights holders and their businesses. Furthermore, economic uncertainty tends to make businesses more conservative and less likely to invest in new talent and ideas, leading to a reduction in cultural diversity. This is extremely concerning, particularly if linked to a closing of our borders to vibrant talent from Europe. It is essential that UK Government
and UK rightsholders continue to play an influential role in the process of formulating and then developing the proposals within the European Commission, Parliament and Council and that adjustments and amendments are made to those proposals in the next two years.
We welcome the assurance that the Government is aware of the importance of the issues which the Digital Single Market proposals are attempting to address and remains committed to doing so whether or not the UK remains subject to EU regime as an outcome of Brexit negotiations. See our Copyright campaign.
We need good trade links with Europe and the rest of the world to maintain and expand our thriving export markets. The ‘cultural exception’ in the transatlantic negotiations over TTIP should recognise the cultural importance of literature and publishing. Government and publishers need to work together to ensure the ongoing international success of the UK publishing industry. We support the recommendations of the All Party Parliamentary Publishing group that:
- The Government should keep barriers on trade with the EU at an absolute minimum and not to accept trade barriers on books and other publications (physical or digital) in exchange for lowering them on other goods.
- Information is included about the success of the UK’s publishing and book industry as part of each and every trade mission.
- The Government gives the clear message that copyright is not red tape.
- Publishers, authors and government to work together to improve the copyright laws in other countries.
- The ROI requirements for inclusion on trade missions are reviewed. Current requirements are not appropriate for publishing where lead-in times for deals are much longer.
Freedom of movement
Any industrial strategy depends on a free flow and sharing of ideas. We are concerned that our industries are being destabilised by Brexit negotiations which are giving no guarantees about free movement or even the narrower and vitally important issue of protection for EU nationals already here and UK nationals living abroad. Difficulties in obtaining visas or tax and other barriers, combined with the parochial impression of being out of Europe will create may make Britain a less attractive place for writers to visit or settle in. This is bad for innovation as our creative thinking can only be enriched by visitors and settlers from many other cultures and lands. And our own authors will suffer if they are unable to move freely in Europe- one only needs to look at the winners of the Ondaatje Prize.
Live performances are the bread and butter of many of the creative industries. Performers and technical crews from both the UK and mainland Europe are now able to travel freely within the Schengen area, meaning that touring in Europe can be carried out with relative ease. Although this is not as important for authors as in some other industries, many authors also obtain a significant part of their income from performing. The SoA’s membership includes many spoken word artists as well as presenters, teachers and experts. We would resist changes in immigration law introducing a visa/work permit system (as, for example, for touring to the USA), for anyone wishing to tour in Europe (and vice versa). This would inevitably increase the time and effort involved in organising a tour and will obviously increase costs. Tax laws could also have an impact on touring (for example if performers must file tax returns in the countries in which they tour). Authors are not often highly paid for appearances and tax formalities and visa difficulties can simply make such visits not worthwhile. This could have a knock-on negative effect on sales and exports of authors’ books. Until we have certainty on these issues authors and organisers are unable to forward plan- our members agree to festivals and appearances many months or years in advance and we are concerned that organisers are being forced to make more conservative decisions because of uncertainty.
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